Saturday, August 15, 2015

The development of Islam in Asia

How development of Islam in Asia ?

The development of Islam in Asia
  • Islam in Pakistan
Keep in mind that Pakistan is a country that broke away from India. In the 13th Century s / d 15 Islam is growing rapidly in India, with evidence of Islamic kingdoms in India and buildings of places of worship.
At the time of the Mughal Empire in decline, traders Dutch, French, English and Portuguese entered India. Then on the subsequent development of India formally colonized by Britain. In 1947, Britain gave independence to India and at the end of the glory of Islam in India. In that year also Muslims then set up a new state separate from India, namely Pakistan. The significance of this country in the history and development of Islam is mainly due to two things. First, political struggles take place at the same time to fight Hindus in India. A struggle that aims to establish a separate state for Muslims.
Secondly, Pakistan plays an important role in the development of science and philosophy as well as successfully delivered a number of institutions of Islamic studies and Muslim intellectual caliber international.islam in Pakistan can progress rapidly so that Pakistan is a country with the second largest Muslim population in the world. In fact, Islamic law has been treated in Pakistan. Sayyid Qutb, the Egyptian figures of Ihkwanul Muslimin, once said that it has now emerged two major forces of Islam, namely Indonesia (Southeast Asia) and Pakistan (South Asia). Pakistan's military strength is also taken into account by the world with allegations that Pakistan has a nuclear weapons capability. In fact, American judge Pakistan, as the country's "Islamic Bomb" (Islamic Bomb).
The idea of forming a separate state for Muslims, started from Syed Ahmad Khan, then initiated by Muhammad Iqbal and finally direlisasi by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. In 1947 Britain handed over sovereignty to the two constitutional council, which is dated August 14, 1947 to Pakistan and to India on 15 August. Since then, Pakistan was born as an Islamic state. Muhammad Ali Jinnah was appointed as governor general with the title "Quaidi-Azam" or a great leader.
Since the establishment of the state of Pakistan, Muslims try to apply the concept of true Islam Islamic state. The issue was a prolonged polemic material in government filed by the National Assembly by referring to the Bill proceeds Muslim League session in March 1940, which must be in accordance with the Qur'an and hadith.
System of government that formulated the Muslim League in 1940 it passed into the constitution in 1956. Under the constitution, the state named "The Islamic Republic of Pakistan". This constitution was later revised so was born the constitution in 1962, by way of, among others, remove the word "Islam" and in return established two institutions, namely the Advisory Council of Islamic Ideology and the Islamic Research Institute.
The development of Islam in Asia
See Also : The Great Days of Islam and Explanation
  • Islam in India
Before Islam was born in Arabia, the Arab nation with Indian nations already know each other. With evidence of Arab sword relic called "Saif Muhannad" means sword forged in India. Then the word "Handasah" which means the geometry is taken from the word "Hindu".
After the birth of Islamic religion who introduced Islam to India is the Caliph Umar bin Khattab
In the year 16 AH (636 AD) Caliph Umar sent troops into Persia under the leadership of Saad bin Abi Waqas. He fought for 16 years, finally able to control the entire Persi then extended to Khurasan then forwarded to India.
At the time of Caliph Uthman, was sent by Hakim bin Jabalah to India, to explore the vast Indian country know it.
At the time of Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib, the year 38 AH (659 AD) Al Harrits Murrah Al Abdi to India to investigate the streets of India, knowledge and traditions India.
The entry of the Caliph of Islam in India do ar Rasyidin by peaceful means. Tetspi entry of Islam into India conducted by Omayyed with another road. Islam entered India forces began during the reign of the Umayyad, based in Damascus.
Thus, it can be concluded that Islam entered India in the 7th century. then Islam can be grown rapidly in India, and Indian Muslim traders or Gujarat who brought Islam to Southeast Asian countries, like Indonesia, Malacca, Singapore, etc.
Evidence of the development of Islam in India with the establishment of Islamic kingdoms and legacy.

Islamic kingdoms in India.

1. The Kingdom of Sabaktakin, The kingdom stands in Ghazwah Afghanistan under the leadership of Sabaktakin. He developed the Islamic religion and science.
2. Ghazi kingdom, Ghazi empire founded by Aliyudin Husain bin Husain (555 B / 1186 M), in Furoskoh, the slopes of the mountains of Afghanistan. This kingdom reached the height of glory during the Muzafar Abdul Muhammad bin Husain Al Ghazi. He gave independence Hindus and in doing good to slaves.
3. kingdom of Mamluk, King of the bondsman's spread Islam in India. He founded a mosque in Delhi highway named "Jami" and a high tower with the name "Qhutub Manar" is now a tourist attraction.
4. kingdom of descent Khilji, This kingdom of standing after the conquest of kingdom of the Mamluks and the sultan named Alaudin of Afghanistan. He no longer govern, because it appears the new kingdom of descent Taghlak of Turkey.
5. kingdom of Taghlak, This kingdom is the last empire in India before the arrival of the Mongols. Among his king is Muhammad bin Taghlah and Firus Shah. After the royal Taghlak stand, then stand the Mongol empire of Islam in India with its kings, among others: Babur (1504-1530 AD), Humayun (1530-1550 AD), Akbar the Great (1556-1605 AD), Jikangir (1605-1627 AD ), and Shah Jihan (1627-1657 AD) who mecapai its peak. Syah Jihan build "Taj Mahal" in Agra as a tribute to the beautiful and beloved queen. The construction of the Taj Mahal swallowing time for 22 years with the workers of 20,000 people.
6. So, in India once the glory of Islam. Even so, until now Muslims in India plays as a minority. A number of Islamic repertoire controlled by Hindus and used as a tourist attraction. Muslims in India are now about 100 million people, which means India country's third largest Muslim population after Indonesia and Pakistan. Muslims in India's fate is also the same as in other countries that people uslamnya minority, they see themselves suppressed, oppressed race or non-Muslim ruler (Hindu) minority. For example, the destruction of the Babri mosque, Ayodhia, India, in December 1992. The Bombay happened massacre of around 100 thousand inhabitants, by a Hindu extremist party in power. Thousands historic buildings were built the kings of Islam has become a pathetic debris, then made attractions enumerated by Hindus.
  • Religion of Islam In Russia
Islam entered Russia during the Yuan dynasty in power, then arose Muslim revolutionaries to overthrow the Yuan dynasty (1279-1368 AD). After the Yuan dynasty and replaced by the Ming Dynasty. Under the rule of the Ming, Islam occupy important positions, among others, the military, keintelekan, and government administration. In fact, a Muslim who named Sang Yu Chuin served as an advisor to the great Emperor Ming the first and named Hung Jer.
When the Yuan Dynasty was in power, the Emperor Barkah Khan embraced Islam. With Islam Barkah Khan then Dzahabieh tribe (group of Mongolian) many who converted to Islam.
In the years 1313-1340 AD, Dzahabiah tribe led by Uzbek Khan who tried to Islamize the whole tribe Dzahabieh. Then he made a strategy for spreading Islam to the entire territory of Russia. Islamic heritage in Russia, among others, the buildings of worship / mosque. However, the situation in Russia now other sensible because the communist government that hate and want to destroy Islam from Russian territory. As experienced by Muslims Chechnya lately due to the ferocity of the Russian communist army. Chechnya is a small country in kawsan Caucasus, Russia with a population of 1.5 million and the majority are Muslims. President named Dzhokar Dudayef is a devout Muslim.
Since December 11, 1994, Russian forces conduct large-scale aggression against Chechnya and won the castles keprisedenan Chechnya, which is the resistance and the independence of Chechnya. Although their homes were destroyed, drops of blood and tears spilled in the Islamic world Chechnya, they are still struggling to continue the struggle against communism and are ready to die for Islam and his country.
  • Islam in Afghanistan
Afghanistan is a country in Central Asian Republic. In 1991, Afghanistan has a population of 16.922 million and 99% are Muslims. Tresminya language is Pushu, capital Kabul and its currency Afgani.
Islam entered Afghanistan, ie since the entry of Asim bin Umar Affamini at the entrance Caliph Umar bin Khattab. At the time of Caliph Uthman, Islam has entered into Kabul, and in the year 870 AD Islam has taken root in the country of Afghanistan. Further development of Islam in Afghanistan run by leaps and bounds, no hamnbatan-hambnatan, with evidence Afganistna 99% of the population are Muslims.
Islamic religion is very influential in all aspects of their lives and if it is disturbed, then they will be upset and continue to fight to maintain it as we see in the fight against the mujahedeen Muslim gerliyawan prokomunis government. A civil war in Afghanistan due to the influence of American and sofyet Union (communist) to Afghanistan.
In 1933, Muhammad Zahir Shah rose as a king, then the United States da Union Sofyet trying to exert influence. In 1953, King Zahir lift Muhammad Daud (communist cadres) as prime minister. Seeing this situation, Muslims considered that the Afghan government has far deviated from the teachings of Islam. Then Muslims begin to move, with the advent of the Muslim Association of Struggle organization named "Muslim Juanan" then in 1968 changed its name to Al-association Al-Islamiyah led by Burhanuddin Rabbani.
The Soviet Union is getting angry to see the development of Islam. Then in 1972 under the influence of Sofyet Union, Muhammad Daud replace Zair. In 1978 David was killed and replaced by a relatively Nur Taraki as president. At that time, the clerics issued a fatwa to condemn and mengafirkan Taraki and require jihad to overthrow him. As a result the Afghan mujahidin struggle arise. Then in 1970 Sofyet Union entered Afghanistan with the president's puppet, Babrak Kamal. The act received international condemnation, including President Jimmy Carter boycotted the Moscow Olympics, and many residents who fled to Pakistan. Mujahidin struggle getting stronger with the merger of seven organizations became one under the name "Union of Islamic Mujahideen of Afghanistan" denagn purpose of enforcing the sentence of Allah. Afghanistan to liberate the country from the infidels and communists power by establishing Islamic rule in Afghanistan. As the high command is Abdul Rabbani Rasul Saiyat.
In 1987 the war peaked, with the help of American and British weapons, and ending with Sofyet Union suffered great losses. Finally, in 1989 the Union Sofyet withdraw all troops from Afghanistan. Iraqi Resistance fighters continued melawn Najibullah government (since 1987), because the scholars issued a fatwa that the regime is infidel and died in battle against the regime was martyred. Famous scholars who was born in Afghanistan, Ibn Hibbaan Al-Basti (scholars of Hadith and Fiqh: 342 H / 952 AD), Abu Bakr Ahmad Al-Bayhaqi (author of the history of the 14th century), and as a driver of Pan-Islamism (century 19) in Afghanistan named Said Jamaluddin Al Afgani.
  • Islam in China
Islam entered China region around the 10th century, ie directly from the Arab nations and the merchants who came from India. Islam entered China by land and sea trade through the so-called Silk Road. The first occurrence of the spread of Islam in China, namely during the Tang Dynasty.
Through the association, and trade with Arab traders marriage with a native Chinese, then enter their Islam. Indian people who wander into Indonesia, Malaysia, sometimes-kang layover in China. When stopped in china they (the Indians) to spread Islam to the indigenous people of China, and those who embrace Islam are many who reside in China.
H. Muhammad You Nusi Maliangjie (68) is one of the leaders of Islam in China who've been to Indonesia. He is the high priest Chin Cheen The She (Great Mosque) in Central China, one of the eight largest mosques in China. The mosque was built 1,300 years ago repertoire blend of Islamic and Chinese architecture and can accommodate 8000 worshipers.
According to you Nusi, the number of Muslims in China are now around 20 million. Islam in China could grow rapidly, although it adheres to the communist country. The number of Muslims who perform the Hajj each year is increasing, and in 1994 reached 2000 people. There is a perceived obstacle Muslims in its development, ie the communist system that allows people to conduct propaganda dislike for religion.

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